Mangalorean Recipes

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Lists of Fruits

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List of culinary fruits by climate

[edit] Temperate fruits

Fruits of temperate climates are almost always borne on trees or woody shrubs or lianas. They will not grow adequately in the tropics, as they need a period of cold (a chilling requirement) each year before they will flower. The apple, pear, cherry, and plum are the most widely grown and eaten, owing to their adaptability. Many other fruits are important regionally but do not figure prominently in commerce. Many sorts of small fruit on this list are gathered from the wild, just as they were in Neolithic times.

Apples

The pome fruits:

The stone fruits, drupes of genus Prunus:

Berries. In non-technical usage, berry means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The bramble fruits, compound fruits of genus Rubus (blackberries), are some of the most popular pseudo-berries:

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:

Other berries not in the Rosaceae or Ericaceae:

Other Temperate fruits:

[edit] Mediterranean and subtropical fruits

Fruits in this category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the preceding temperate fruits are, yet tolerate some frost and may have a modest chilling requirement. Notable among these are natives of the Mediterranean:

Grapes

In the important genus Citrus (Rutaceae), some members are tropical, tolerating no frost. All common species of commerce are somewhat hardy:

Lemon
See also: List of Citrus fruits

Other subtropical fruits:

[edit] Tropical fruits

Tropical fruits grow on plants of all habitats. The only characteristic that they share is an intolerance of frost.

Papayas

[edit] List of culinary fruits by geographical origin

[edit] Fruits of African origin

Fruits native to Africa or of African Origin:

[edit] Fruits of Asian origin

Fruits native to Asia or of Asian Origin:

[edit] Fruits of Latin American origin

Fruits native to Latin America or of Latin American Origin:

[edit] Fruits of North American origin

Canada and the United States are home to a surprising number of edible plants, especially berries; however, only three are commercially grown/known on a global scale (grapes, cranberries, and blueberries.) Many of the fruits below are still eaten locally as they have been for centuries and others are generating renewed interest by eco-friendly gardeners (less need for bug control) and chefs of the region alike.

[edit] Fruits of Oceanian origin

Fruits native to Oceania or of Oceanian Origin:

[edit] List of culinary fruits by type of flora

[edit] Rosaceae family

The family Rosaceae dominates the temperate fruits, both in numbers and in importance. The pome fruits, stone fruits and brambles are fruits of plants in Rosaceae.

The pome fruits:

Apples

The stone fruits, drupes of genus Prunus:

  • Apricot (Prunus armeniaca or Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Cherry, sweet, black, sour, and wild species (Prunus avium, Prunus serotina, P. cerasus, and others)
  • Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
  • Greengage, a cultivar of the plum
  • Peach (of the normal and white variety) and its variant the nectarine (Prunus persica)
  • Plum, of which there are several domestic and wild species; dried plums are called prunes
  • Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the pluot, aprium and peacotum

[edit] Berries

In non-technical usage, berry means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The bramble fruits, compound fruits of genus Rubus (blackberries), are some of the most popular pseudo-berries:

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:

Other berries not in the Rosaceae or Ericaceae:

[edit] Cacti and other succulents

Several cacti yield edible fruits, which are important traditional foods for some Native American peoples:

[edit] Podocarps

Podocarps are conifers in the family Podocarpaceae. The seed cones are highly modified and, in some, the seed is surrounded by fleshy scale tissue, resembling a drupe. These berry-like cone scales are eaten by birds which then disperse the seeds in their droppings and the cones can be eaten in many species. Podocarps are either half-hardy or frost tender, depending on species. Many genera are similar in that they have edible "fruits" and often don't have a common name.

[edit] Herbaceous annuals fruits

[edit] Melons and other members of Cucurbitaceae family

Some exceptions to the statement that temperate fruits grow on woody perennials are:

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