Glossary - Plant Derivatives


The Chilgoza Pine Pinus gerardiana, also known as 'noosa' and 'neoza', is a pine native to the northwestern Himalaya in eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir and northwest India, growing at elevations between 1800-3350 m. It often occurs in association with Blue Pine (Pinus wallichiana) and Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara).

Chilgoza Pine is well known for its edible seeds. The seeds are locally called and marketed as "Chilgoza", "Neje" or "Neja" and are rich in carbohydrates and proteins. It is one of the most important cash crops of tribal people residing in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, India.

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