Glossary - Animal Derivatives



The chicken is a domesticated fowl.   Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food, consuming both their meat and eggs.  In the English language. adult male chickens are known as cocks. Males under a year old are cockerels. FFemales over a year old are known as hens, and younger females are pullets.

"Chicken" was originally the word only for chicks, and the species as a whole was then called
domestic fowl, or just fowl.

Under natural conditions most birds lay only until a clutch (a full clutch is usually about 12 eggs) is complete, and they will then incubate all the eggs. While brooding, the hen maintains the nest at a constant temperature and humidity, as well as turning the eggs regularly during the first part of the incubation.

Meat of the Chicken

The meat of the chicken, also called "chicken," is a type of poultry meat. Because of its relatively low cost, chicken is one of the most used meats in the world. Nearly all parts of the bird can be used for food, and the meat can be cooked in many different ways.

Avian influenza

Crowded conditions in many chicken farms will allow avian influenza (bird flu) to spread quickly. A
United Nations press release states: "Governments, local authorities and international agencies need to take a greatly increased role in combating the role of factory-farming, commerce in live poultry, and wildlife markets which provide ideal
conditions for the virus to spread and mutate into a more dangerous form..."


Information collected from Wikipedia

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